21: Aurelius Augustinus
The aim is that students understand why is Aurelius Augustinus (354-430) one of the most prominent philosophers, not only of Latin patristic, but medieval philosophy in general. State the basic assumptions of Augustinus’ philosophy from his book “De Cevitate Dei” (About god’s country). He established the history of philosophy as a new philosophical discipline. He gave up the Hellenic concept of spherical time and considered that god has created time. But, god does not precede the time because he is timeless, that is, eternal. Teach students about the difference between time and eternity. What is the god’s country under the patronage of church? What was the consequence of such understanding of country? Explain the relation between faith and reason in Augustinus’ philosophy: “Understand to believe, believe to understand” (Intellige ut credas, crede ut intelligas). What is the function of reason? In what sense a blind belief can determine a man? How does man live today in harmony with the Christian canons? What is the relation between Christian values and contemporary materialistic culture? What was the role of philosophy in the Middle Ages?
- Aurelius Augustinus “De Cevitate Dei”, “The Confessions”, “Conversations with myself”;
- F. Copleston “A History of Philosophy”;
- V. Korac, B. Pavlovic “The History of Philosophy”, Philosophy textbook for the 4th grade of grammar and vocational schools;
- Cekic, Savic, Cvetkovic “Philosophy”, Philosophy textbook for the 4th grade of grammar and vocational
- Bertrand Russell “The History of Western Civilisation”;
- G.W.H. Hegel “The History of Philosophy”.
“Death of Augustine”
Gian Francesco Barbieri
“Sant`Agostino tra San Giovanni
Baltista e San Paolo eremita”
Roma, Chiesa di Sant` Agostino